Meet the Mid: Junior Kicker Evan Warren

Name:  Evan Warren
Year: Junior
Position: Kicker
Height: 5’10”

Weight: 175


Hometown: Finksburg, Md.


High School: Westminster High School


Major: Political Science


What do you want to do after graduation and why?  After graduation I hope to commission as a naval aviator or submarine officer. I’ve had awesome experiences with both communities thus far. I love the mission sets and culture within both respective professions. After my Navy career, I intend to pursue a law degree and protect the environment through judicial or legislative means.


Why did you choose Navy?  I chose Navy because the institution offers an outstanding education and leadership development, while Coach Niumatalolo’s football program provides an opportunity to compete against top-tier FBS competition and be a part of a one-of-a-kind brotherhood. That combination was unique and set USNA apart.  


What would you tell somebody that is considering coming to Navy to play football?  Understand the enormous opportunity you are being given. Sure, the Naval Academy challenges us in ways that other schools do not and certainly has more demands outside of the football facility than your average FBS school. Yet, this is what makes the experience so rewarding. Not only do we play in some of the most storied and historic college football games, but we also get incredible training and mentorship out of our military commitments. Not to mention, the pro football pipeline does not close, and either way you have a fantastic job waiting for you. The Naval Academy pushes you to be the best in all aspects of your life.


If you could play another position, what position would you play and why?  If I could play another position, I think it would be safety. I feel like Eavan Gibbons and I have a similar body type and skill set, which would allow me to seamlessly replace him.


If you could choose any opponent for Navy to play that is currently not on the schedule, who would you choose and why?  I would choose the University of Maryland. I think it’s time we prove who runs this state.

Favorite class at the Naval Academy and why?  Political Science Methods and Comparative Politics were my favorite classes this past year. The former had us apply scientific and statistical theory to political science research and the latter included some interesting guest speakers and simulations.

Hardest class at the Naval Academy and why?  I pursued a track which squeezed three semesters of calculus content into two classes, and that was pretty tough for a guy who does not enjoy pure math.

Favorite teacher at the Naval Academy and why? All of my instructors at the Academy have been excellent; I don’t think there’s any way I could narrow it down to one individual. I’ve had exceptional military and civilian instructors the past two years.

Favorite form of social media and why?  I’m not a huge fan of social media, but Twitter never fails to amuse me.

Favorite person to follow on social media and why?  Riley Riethman’s dad, Rob, for wholesome Riley content.

If you could have dinner with any 4 people at the Naval Academy who would you choose and why?  Wright Davis, Edie Lareau, Joe Piette and Grandma from the Mid Store. Naval Academy legends who humbly serve us and deserve a nice dinner. I surmise it would be a memorable one.

Favorite sport to follow at the Naval Academy outside of football and why?  Basketball—both men’s and women’s were awesome to watch this past year and I really enjoyed taking a break from studying to spend a few weeknights in Alumni Hall watching the teams.

If you didn’t play football at Navy, what sport would you play and why?  I played lacrosse for 10 years so I think I’d have potential to pull an Arline.

What song is playing on your headphones in the locker room right before taking the field?  “Saturday” by Twenty One Pilots or “Shine a Little Light” by the Black Keys.

What is your dream vacation?  I haven’t been snowboarding since I got serious about football, so I’d love to go up to Banff and experience some real powder.

How many teams should make the FBS Playoffs?  8

What is the best thing about being in the American Athletic Conference? Playing competition that is on par with the best conferences in the FBS #Power6

Favorite Coach Niumatalolo quote:  “Choose the right”

One word to describe a Navy Football player:   Disciplined

Who will be the surprise player on offense in 2022 and why?  Anton Hall and Logan Point – they’re going to be a force between the tackles

Who will be the surprise player on defense in 2022 and why?  Colin Ramos – he showed what he can do at the end of last year and will only build on that

Who is the toughest player on the Navy football team and why?   Tai Lavatai – the guy takes a lot of shots from some large dudes

What player epitomizes Navy Football and why?  Eavan Gibbons – plays with a chip on his shoulder, always chooses the right, pushes those around him to get better, and is a stand-up guy who you want on your side.

Who will be the Most Valuable Player on offense in 2022 and why?  Maquel Haywood – when the ball is in his hands, he makes plays.

Who will be the Most Valuable Player on defense in 2022 and why?  Jacob Busic – the Westminster High graduate will prove that those Central Marylanders are simply built different.

What are you most looking forward to in 2022?  Seeing what this team is capable of accomplishing.

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NUWC Division Newport cross-department teams support successful ICEX 2022 > Naval Sea Systems Command > Saved News Module

A recent three-week work assignment led a group of Naval Undersea Warfare Center (NUWC) Division Newport employees to the top of the world on a grueling, productive and rewarding adventure. In early March 2022, the teams began their journey to the Arctic Circle, more specifically, U.S. Navy Ice Camp Queenfish as part of the Navy’s biennial Ice Exercise (ICEX).

ICEX allows the Navy to assess its operational readiness, increase experience in the region, advance understanding of the Arctic environment, and continue to develop relationships with other services, allies, and partner organizations.

Part of that operational readiness is understanding the performance of torpedoes in the Arctic region. Division Newport provided the expertise, torpedo software, tracking and performance data and several team members recently held briefings about their experiences during ICEX 2022.

Engineers from the Undersea Warfare (USW) Weapons, Vehicles, and Defensive Systems Department, Charles Lury, Stephanie Zamorski, Richard Marini and Jason Lemish, provided troubleshooting and guidance to leadership in the command tent and aboard submarines, while a cross-department Torpedo Recovery Team recovered five exercise torpedoes from under the ice during ICEX 2022. Members of the recovery team include Ranges, Engineering and Analysis Department employees Fred Buzzell and Erin DeLucca, Bryan Sullivan and Sean Riccio, of the USW Weapons, Vehicles, and Defensive Systems Department; and Nick Savage of the Sensors and Sonar Systems Department.

The team was joined by other research and operational teams from the United Kingdom, Norway, Seal Team 2 and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The UK team, in particular, was there to observe Division Newport’s Torpedo Recovery Team as they worked through each torpedo recovery.

“It gave me a different perspective of the scope and size of naval exercises,” Sullivan said. “From the various undersea Navy platforms to the aircraft and everything in between, it really gave you a sense of current capabilities of our Navy fleet in an Arctic environment. I was honored to have taken part in the effort as a member of the torpedo recovery team.”

This process also included torpedo flushing and post-fire processing, which was led by Roger Tryon and another USW Weapons, Vehicles, and Defensive Systems Department team comprised of Seth Krueger, Christopher Wharton, Tyler Kapper and Robbie Toth. Division Newport provided further support in the form of underwater communications through the efforts of Sam Gilbert and Aaron Clarke from the Sensors and Sonar Systems Department, and environmental compliance through the efforts of Emily Robinson of the Mission Environmental Planning Program, part of Corporate Operations Department.

“This is one of the highlights of my career and for a lot of the people I travel with it is for them too,” Lury said during a debriefing presentation held on April 15.

The Arctic Submarine Laboratory (ASL) out of San Diego, California, coordinated the exercise, including the Navy’s activities.

“ASL and the Navy have gone through great lengths to make this event as safe as possible,” Lury said. “Sure, there is more risk than a typical exercise, but to date there have been minimal — if any — injuries to Division Newport personnel over several ICEX events.”

In preparation of ICEX 2022, Division Newport’s Torpedo Recovery Team trained the Underwater Construction Team from Virginia Beach, Virginia — including Coast Guard divers who integrated with their team — and the Mobile Diving and Salvage Unit from Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on torpedo recovery procedures.

“It’s a team effort to recover torpedoes fired during ICEX,” Buzzell said. “It takes so much just to do the work that we wanted to make sure they were confident in the procedures.”

Members of Division Newport’s Engineering and Diving Support Unit (EDSU) have supported previous ICEX events, as part of the Torpedo Recovery Team, however, this was the first year, that a Division Newport diver integrated with other dive teams to complete an under-ice torpedo recovery. The process for recovering a torpedo in the Arctic is detailed and arduous, which is made more complex by extreme cold temperatures and windy conditions, said Savage, who took on that new role.

“This experience brought my day job full circle and showed me the big picture,” Savage said. “My day job often involves providing engineering dive support for submarines’ towed array handler systems in port. One of the boats I repaired in recent months was the first one we saw break through the ice, thousands of miles away. Speaking with personnel from the ship, and getting a report of no issues since, was a cool feeling. It’s a rare opportunity to see any boat out of port, but seeing that one was pretty special to me.”

To prepare the team of ICEX newcomers, Buzzell made sure they knew what to expect from the exercise, environment, living conditions and, most of all, he stressed the importance of safety.

“The Arctic is one of the most challenging environments on the planet,” Buzzell said. “Every single part of the job is dangerous. For instance, we have to be very, very careful around the holes and make sure to clear the snow around the holes.”

This was Buzzell’s third ICEX and with each event, he applies valuable lessons learned and new safety precautions. For example, specially designed sleds are used to move the torpedoes. By replacing a tripod with a gantry to set the torpedo on the sled, the team saved an hour — an important safety feature when every minute in extreme temperatures adds risk. The team spent nine days in the frozen environment — where the warmest day registered at minus 10 degrees.

When a previous manual method for torpedo retrieval proved unwieldy and potentially dangerous, Buzzell conceived a new two-speed winch process using ballast weights. Working with the Ranges, Engineering and Analysis Department Machine Shop, his idea and sketch soon became a reality.

ICEX 2022 was the first opportunity to employ this new device, which made quick work of the recovery while also making the process safer for the divers and those on the surface.

Buzzell researched the materials needed to withstand harsh Arctic conditions, determining aluminum for the winch and strong, buoyant and lightweight line for towing would work best. The idea is pure engineering and problem solving at work; Buzzell’s design has since been submitted for a patent.

ICEX 2022 also marked the first year that tracking software from the Ranges, Engineering and Analysis Department was employed and utilized. The underwater range vehicle tracking and situational awareness display software was operated onsite by NUWC Division Keyport personnel.

“The system worked well, and we certainly learned many lessons regarding the use of the tracking system,” Marini said. “Great crew, great event and great experience!”

Time is a significant factor in all aspects of ICEX safety. Ice holes can freeze over in minutes, equipment can break, and both divers and their diving gear are at serious risk. To mitigate that risk, divers are the last to arrive on site and the first to leave.

“ASL did a good job of planning and keeping the divers and dive gear warm,” Savage said. “It can be catastrophic if the gear gets too cold and/or freezes. We had one day where external pressures caused the plan to change and for gear to sit on the ice a few minutes longer and some of the regulators froze. It was a time difference of about five to 10 minutes. We appreciate why ASL had those safety plans in place.”

Another important step in the torpedo recovery process is removing the seawater from the torpedo’s fuel tank, as seawater replaces fuel in the tank during the torpedo’s run. The team must quickly remove 8 gallons of slushy seawater within 10 minutes of returning to camp to prevent damage to the rest of the torpedo’s mechanism due to freezing. Practice and good communication allowed for the successful recovery of all five torpedoes and the draining of the fuel tanks throughout the event.

“Every action is meant for safety,” Buzzell said. “It’s a dangerous place. It might not look that way, but it is. Working in the Arctic is like nothing you’ve ever done.”

“It’s like flying to another planet,” Sullivan added. “The conditions are so bizarre that you just deal with it the best you can. You use a lot of creativity and problem-solving.”

Once the seawater has been removed, the torpedoes are then shipped to Prudhoe Bay, Alaska — about 200 miles south of the Camp Queenfish ice floe — for Tryon and his team to process.

Despite the harsh conditions and long workdays, the team has many great memories of ICEX 2022.

“I will remember all the folks involved from various Navy commands all coming together to complete the mission safely and on schedule,” Sullivan said. “We were only together for a very short time and had to become one team very quickly, which resulted in a successful exercise.”

Savage echoed similar sentiments, noting how smoothly everything went with his team despite each of them having different day jobs.

“It was exciting, fun, and extremely memorable to work with such a great team,” Savage said. “There was no sense of complacency and we were constantly looking at how we could work more efficiently not only during the operation, but for the next one as well.”

As for the team leader, Buzzell will remember the way this new team was able to expertly execute the job. 

“They worked very well together and made it seem that they had performed the evolutions many times before,” Buzzell said. “I was impressed with each one of them.”

That is not to say, though, that Buzzell would not do a few things differently next time.

“Next ICEX, I’ll bring three neck warmers and one of those fur trapper hats. I’ll also bring some lightweight insulated coveralls for camp use,” Buzzell said. “There are still some process improvements that will be incorporated into the next event.”

Ultimately, though, it was an experience that those involved will not soon forget.

“Every day was an awesome adventure and an experience that words cannot explain,” Riccio said.

To learn more about ICEX 2022 and see pictures from this year’s event, read “NUWC Division Newport’s executes the Navy’s Arctic strategy through ICEX support.”

NUWC Division Newport is a shore command of the U.S. Navy within the Naval Sea Systems Command, which engineers, builds and supports America’s fleet of ships and combat systems. NUWC Newport provides research, development, test and evaluation, engineering and fleet support for submarines, autonomous underwater systems, undersea offensive and defensive weapons systems, and countermeasures associated with undersea warfare.

NUWC Newport is the oldest warfare center in the country, tracing its heritage to the Naval Torpedo Station established on Goat Island in Newport Harbor in 1869. Commanded by Capt. Chad Hennings, NUWC Newport maintains major detachments in West Palm Beach, Florida, and Andros Island in the Bahamas, as well as test facilities at Seneca Lake and Fisher’s Island, New York, Leesburg, Florida, and Dodge Pond, Connecticut.

Join our team! NUWC Division Newport, one of the 20 largest employers in Rhode Island, employs a diverse, highly trained, educated, and skilled workforce. We are continuously looking for engineers, scientists, and other STEM professionals, as well as talented business, finance, logistics and other support experts who wish to be at the forefront of undersea research and development. Please connect with NUWC Division Newport Recruiting at this site- and follow us on LinkedIn @NUWC-Newport and on Facebook @NUWCNewport.

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DVIDS – News – SUBLANT Announces 2022 Sailors of the Year

Commander, Submarine Force Atlantic (COMSUBLANT) announced the Shore and Sea Sailors of the Year (SOY) during a ceremony aboard Naval Support Activity Hampton Roads, April 21.

Machinist’s Mate (Nuclear) 1st Class Paul Baker, Commander, Submarine Squadron Eight’s finalist, was named Submarine Force Atlantic’s (SUBLANT) Sea SOY. Yeoman 1st Class Kirk Lewis, Submarine Force Atlantic’s finalist, was named SUBLANT’s Shore SOY.

Baker, assigned to the Los Angeles-class attack submarine USS Newport News (SSN 750), won his boat and squadron’s SOY competition before going on to win SUBLANT’s Sea SOY. As a result of winning, he will be pinned to the rank of chief petty officer after completing this year’s Naval Chief Petty Officer Initiation.

“I’m extremely grateful for the opportunity to be selected as the Sea Sailor of the Year,” said Baker. “I was proud to represent my command and squadron. It was a great competition as all the Sailors displayed the qualities it takes to be a great leader at the next level. I look forward to seeing them in the fleet.”

Lewis, who serves as SUBLANT’s chief of staff administrative assistance, is responsible for processing flag level correspondence, travel and meeting coordination of all U.S. submarine and strategic commands.

“It’s an honor to be selected as the Shore Sailor of the Year by leadership,” said Lewis. “It means my supervisors, leaders and Sailors under me believed in me. I couldn’t have possibly got this far without them.”

Vice Adm. William Houston, commander, Submarine Forces, spoke on the finalists’ dedication and professionalism during the ceremony.

“Enlisted Sailors have always been the backbone of our Navy since its inception,” said Houston. “Seeing our finalists here today is a reminder of how committed our Sailors are to our country and carrying out the mission. This milestone shows how highly their leadership thinks of their professionalism, work ethic and dedication to duty. I am confident they will all go on to be remarkable leaders and continue to exemplify the best of our enlisted force.”

SUBLANT’s Force Master Chief Steve Bosco expressed the difficulty in selecting the Sea and Shore SOYs as all the finalists represented the very best of the forces’ enlisted Sailors.

“The finalists certainly made it difficult to pick a winner as they all displayed the very best qualities the Submarine Force has to offer,” said Bosco. “Their hard work and commitment has been recognized by leadership and they are all certainly deserving of the SOY. I am extremely proud of all of them and look forward to seeing them go on to be the next generation of the Submarine Forces’ enlisted leadership.”

As the Shore Sailor of the Year for COMSUBLANT, Lewis will compete in the 2022 Commander, U.S. Fleet Forces Command Sailor of the Year competition.

Sailor of the Year is a time-honored tradition introduced in 1972 by Chief of Naval Operations, Adm. Elmo Zumwalt and Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy John Whittet. This annual competition is held to recognize superior performance of individual Sailors, who best exemplify the ideals of professional Sailor throughout the fleet.

The Submarine Force executes the Department of the Navy’s mission in and from the undersea domain. In addition to lending added capacity to naval forces, the Submarine Force, in particular, is expected to leverage those special advantages that come with undersea concealment to permit operational, deterrent and combat effects that the Navy and the nation could not otherwise achieve.

The Submarine Force and supporting organizations constitute the primary undersea arm of the Navy. Submarines and their crews remain the tip of the undersea spear.

Date Taken: 04.22.2022
Date Posted: 04.22.2022 13:34
Story ID: 419070
Location: NORFOLK, VA, US 

Web Views: 7
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Navy offers at least $25,000 to recruits who ship before June

The Navy is offering at least $25,000 to new recruits who enlist active duty and ship before June 30 to fill shipping gaps between now and then.

The sum is part of an early shipping bonus and marks the first time the Navy has offered a minimum enlistment bonus of $25,000 for any rating, according to Cmdr. Dave Benham, spokesman for Navy Recruiting Command.

Some ratings could rake in even more cash. For example, the submarine information systems technician and the electronics/computer field ratings are eligible for $35,000 early shipping bonuses.

Future sailors scheduled to ship between July and September but who reclassify to ship before the end of June are also eligible for the bonus, the Navy said.

The maximum enlistment bonus is still $50,000, as the service unveiled in February. The early shipping bonus can be paired with other bonuses, like those for sailors going into the nuclear, submarine and information warfare career fields, but bonuses max out at $50,000.

Benham told Navy Times in February that he was not aware of any other instances in which enlistment bonuses had reached $50,000 before.

Enlistment bonus and loan repayment program messages list the max at $40,000 dating back to 2006.

The shipping bonuses are paid following graduation from Recruit Training Command aboard Naval Station Great Lakes in Illinois, while the enlistment bonus source rate will be issued to sailors after graduation from A or C school.

The Navy brought on a total of 33,559 new sailors to the Fleet in fiscal 2021, exceeding its active duty enlisted accession goal of 33,400 recruits, Benham said.

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DVIDS – News – Undersea Warfighting Development Center holds change of command

GROTON, Connecticut – The Undersea Warfighting Development Center (UWDC) held a change of command ceremony March 25 at the Submarine Force Museum in Groton, Connecticut.

Rear Adm. Martin Muckian relieved Rear Adm. Rick Seif as the commander of UWDC, a command tasked with enhancing undersea warfighting capabilities and readiness across the theater, operational and tactical levels of war.

Rear Adm. Blake Converse, deputy commander of U.S. Pacific Fleet, served as presiding officer over the ceremony. Both Seif and Muckian previously worked as chief of staff under Converse when the he held the position of commander, U.S. Submarine Force, Pacific Fleet.

“Rick and Marty represent the finest the submarine force has in senior leadership,” Converse said. “These two leaders are … gifted in the fine arts of submarining.”

Converse credited Seif with overseeing 44 tactical development exercises, which he called “tenfold what we were doing” before UWDC’s establishment in 2015. He added that he has “great peace of mind” knowing someone as exceptional as Muckian will follow in Seif’s footsteps.

Seif, who departs to become commander, Submarine Group 7 in Yokosuka, Japan, said it had been a tremendous honor to work alongside the innovative warfighters of UWDC.

UWDC is tasked with enhancing undersea warfighting capabilities and readiness across the theater, operational and tactical levels of war. The nearly seven-year-old Groton-based center, with detachments in Norfolk and San Diego, develops doctrine for how multi-domain undersea warfare platforms integrate with each other, including the incorporation of artificial intelligence and machine learning.

In his approximately two years at UWDC, Seif oversaw the growth of the center’s Aggressor Squadron (AGGRON), popularly referred to as the Navy’s “Top Gun for Submariners,” referring to the fighter pilot training program made famous in a 1986 Hollywood blockbuster.

“The UWDC team is on the cutting edge of undersea warfare tactics and technology integration. They are true professionals, patriots, and warfighters, and it’s been a tremendous honor to work alongside them,” said Seif, a Pittsburgh native. “Our multi-domain undersea forces play an integral role in our nation’s joint warfighting readiness, and UWDC’s work is critical to our enduring asymmetric advantage in this critically important mission area.”

Seif, a 1992 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, has served aboard five nuclear-powered, Los Angeles-class fast-attack submarines, including as commanding officer of USS Buffalo (SSN 715) and USS Jacksonville (SSN 699).

“Whether working on artificial intelligence, unmanned systems, cross-domain command and control, tactics, or Arctic operations, every member of the UWDC has knocked it out of the park,” said Seif. “I will miss this team, but I know they will thrive and grow under the leadership of Marty Muckian. I look forward to watching UWDC’s continued success in the years ahead.”

Muckian, a native of Elmhurst, Illinois, takes command after most recently serving as chief of staff, Commander Submarine Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet. He is a 1995 graduate of the University of Illinois. He previously served as commander, Submarine Squadron 6, Norfolk, Va.

“I am honored to assume command of the Navy’s flagship for undersea tactical development, warfighting doctrine and integration,” said Muckian. “This team is at the forefront of ensuring the United States Navy remains the pre-eminent undersea warfighting force.”

The UWDC mission is to lead undersea superiority, enabling decisive effects from or in the undersea domain when and where the operational commander directs.

Date Taken: 03.25.2022
Date Posted: 03.25.2022 14:08
Story ID: 417183
Location: GROTON, CT, US 

Web Views: 2
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US Navy transforms Arctic ice slab into an AIRSTRIP and military camp with its own cafeteria and internet

THE US Navy has developed an ‘ice camp’ on a sheet of floating ice in the Arctic Ocean where Sailors could experience temperatures down to -60 degrees Fahrenheit.

To service a three-week program called Ice Exercise (ICEX) 2022, the Navy built Ice Camp Queenfish on an ice floe about 175 miles off the coast of Alaska in just a few days.

Ice Camp Queenfish can support over 60 personnel


Ice Camp Queenfish can support over 60 personnelCredit: Commander, Submarine Force Atlan
The ice camp's runway was built on smooth first-year ice


The ice camp’s runway was built on smooth first-year iceCredit: MC1 Alfred Coffield/U.S. Navy

Ice Camp Queenfish is complete with a command center, sleeping quarters, cafeteria, restrooms, internet, and even a 2,500-foot-long runway that supports multiple daily flights.

“Although the ice camp and airstrip are built in just a few days, it takes a tremendous amount of practice, planning, and hard work by many highly trained people ahead of time to be successful,” said Rear Admiral Richard Seif, the ranking officer at ICEX 2022.

ICEX 2022 allows the Navy to assess its operational readiness in the Arctic by pushing Sailors to learn and experience the environment while developing relationships with other services and allies.

The ice camp is being used to test out “submarine systems and other arctic research initiatives,” according to the Navy’s press release.

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The runway was built on smooth first-year ice. To prepare the snow for the ice camp runway, the team used all-terrain vehicles, cultivators, disc rakes, and snowblowers.

Not only can the encampment be built in about five days, but it can be flexible if necessary.

The tents that house and support over 60 personnel working at the site are made up of aluminum, carbon fiber, or inflated beams.

The frigid camp wouldn’t be possible without intense research by the Navy’s team of meteorologist specialists, which Navy Lieutenant Seth Koenig called the “first line of defense between the vulnerable ice camp personnel and those dangerous conditions.”

The four-person meteorological team works closely with scientists to use satellite technology and forecasting equipment to stay aware of the constantly-changing environment.

The team works to monitor ice fractures, as well as future temperatures, windchills, and currents in order to guide traveling flights and advise the personnel in outdoor training and research.

“Because it’s a data sparse environment, weather can change really quickly,” Lieutenant Colleen Wilmington, the team’s leader, said.

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“Right now we’re pushing to forecast out about 36 hours, but beyond that, it’s really difficult. It’s really a matter of looking at it constantly and using as much available data as possible to get a look at what’s going on.”

This ice camp training comes as US Army soldiers have been undergoing parachute training at a crucial Alaska base.

Ice Camp Queenfish is complete with sleeping quarters


Ice Camp Queenfish is complete with sleeping quartersCredit: MC1 Alfred Coffield/U.S. Navy
The ice camp is being used to test out submarine systems


The ice camp is being used to test out submarine systemsCredit: Commander, Submarine Force Atlan
A team of meteorological specialists research the intense Arctic conditions


A team of meteorological specialists research the intense Arctic conditionsCredit: Mike Demello/U.S. Navy

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Interview: “The qualification section of Brazil’s nuclear submarine is scheduled between 2022 and 2023”

RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL – The Director-General of Nuclear and Technological Development of the Brazilian Navy (DGDNTM), Fleet Admiral Petrônio Augusto Siqueira de Aguiar, and the President of Itaguaí Construções Navais (ICN), André Portalis, received a group of media to provide details on the Navy’s main programs and activities and updates on Itaguai Construções Navais’ work in support of Brazil’s Prosub submarine program.

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Navy vice admiral reflects on decades of service | We Served

SPRINGFIELD, Virginia – A Cherokee Nation citizen who joined the U.S. Navy in 1984 is now a vice admiral in high-ranking posts as both director of Naval Intelligence and deputy chief of naval operations for information warfare.

“I joined thinking I was only going to be a power plant operator,” said Jeffery E. Trussler, 58, of Springfield, Va. “I had no idea I was going to learn to drive a submarine, shoot torpedoes and missiles and go to and operate in places that most people have never heard of.”

Trussler’s youth was spent in Miami, Oklahoma, where he attended high school and Northeastern A&M Junior College. He was recruited into the Navy’s Nuclear Propulsion Officer Candidate program while attending Oklahoma State University near the end of his junior year in 1984.

“The Navy recruits STEM students to finish their degree program, get commissioned at the Officer Candidate School in Newport, Rhode Island, and then go through a year of nuclear power plant training,” he said.

In addition to Trussler’s current roles, career highlights include commanding the Undersea Warfighting Development Center, directing future plans of the U.S. Navy, two tours at the Navy Personnel Command, the Joint Staff and the Navy Staff.

Trussler received the Naval Submarine League’s Rear Adm. Jack Darby Award for Inspirational Leadership and Excellence in Command for 2006. Rather than reflect on his own military awards or decorations, Trussler expressed pride for his crew when in command of the ballistic missile submarine USS Maryland from 2003-06.

“We received the highest marks on all competitive areas we were evaluated in, and eight of my officers went on to their own command assignments,” he said.

Trussler assumed duties as the Navy’s 68th director of Naval Intelligence in June 2020.

“In that role, I work in partnership with the other 17 elements of the National Intelligence Community – Office of the Director of National Intelligence, CIA, NGA, etc. – to ensure our Navy can leverage all the intelligence assets available to maintain advantage over any potential adversaries in the maritime domain,” he said.

As the deputy chief of naval operations for information warfare, Trussler serves as principal advisor for the Chief of Naval Operations on matters ranging from cyber security to precision navigation.

“On behalf of Navy leadership here in the Pentagon, I work very closely with our fleet to ensure they have the information warfare resources, equipment, trained manpower, etc., available to our commanders so they can deter any potential aggression or fight and win any battle,” he said.

The vice admiral says he will likely retire next year.

“I think my current assignment and time in the Navy will be complete in 2023 after 39 years,” he said. “I’ve enjoyed every moment of my experience in the Navy and am looking forward to the next opportunities.”

Trussler traces his Cherokee lineage to the Trail of Tears and Juda “Tsu-Ta Ki-kum-mah” Cochran, born in 1818 in the Cherokee territory of Georgia.

“During the removal to Oklahoma, she took up with a Scottish trader named Ambrose McGhee who accompanied the Cherokees on the trail,” he said. “They had eight children together in the Indian Territory of Oklahoma. Several of their sons fought with Brig. Gen. Stand Watie in the Civil War. One daughter, Eliza Jane “Nu Cha” McGhee had a daughter, Sarah Fields. Sarah had a daughter, Elizabeth Brown, that was my great grandmother. Elizabeth was born in 1888 and lived to 100 before she passed away in 1988 after outliving four husbands.”

Trussler and his wife, Kirsten, will celebrate 30 years of marriage later this year.

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‘Crippling’ Clyde nuclear base industrial action called off as workers end dispute

INDUSTRIAL action which threatened to “cripple” the effective running of the UK’s nuclear submarine base on the Clyde has been called off, after workers agreed a pay deal.

Unite the union has confirmed that its members who provide specialist services for the UK’s nuclear deterrent submarines at the Royal Naval Armaments Depot (RNAD) Coulport have agreed a pay deal.

The long-running pay dispute with the ABL Alliance at Coulport escalated in mid-December when around 70 workers staged targeted days of 24-hour strike action. An overtime ban has been in place since last November.

Workers voted to take industrial action in September in what was then described as a “final warning shot” to ABL Alliance, a joint venture which won a 15-year contract from the Ministry of Defence in 2013 to maintain the weapons systems at Coulport.

Unite Scotland said the specialist staff who provide care and maintenance services for the weapons systems on the Royal Navy nuclear armed submarine fleet took the “historic” decision in a dispute over pay and had warned it would leave the base severely debilitated.

The ABL Alliance, made up of AWE plc, Babcock Marine (Clyde) Ltd, and Lockheed Martin UK Strategic Systems Ltd, had previously stated it was “disappointed” at the industrial action vote.

Unite now say the 70 workers at RNAD Coulport will now receive a backdated pay award for 2020 and 2021, which beats the inflation rates applicable to the period.

The ABL Alliance pay deal will include a £600 payment for 2020 along with a 3.5% pay increase effective from 1 August 2021. The award for 2021 represents an increase of between £908-£1,097 dependent upon the specific role of the workers.

Sharon Graham, the general secretary of Unite, said: “This is a substantial victory for Unite members at RNAD Coulport. It shows that when union members organise together and defend their jobs, pay and conditions, it is entirely possible to get intransigent employers to think again. Unite’s pay demands have now been met which will mean that our members will get backdated pay in their pockets of up to £1,700.”

The Clyde base is home to Britain’s fleet of four Vanguard class submarines equipped with Trident nuclear missiles and five other Astute and Trafalgar class nuclear-powered attack submarines.


There were plans to decommission the Vanguards in 2022 as part of the strategic defence and security review (SDSR), but that was extended until 2028.

The ABL Alliance joint venture was awarded a contract by the Ministry of Defence to provide support services for the Trident strategic weapon system back in 2012.

Under the 15-year contract, ABL Alliance provides services for the weapon system at Coulport, as well as the Strategic Weapon Support Building (SWSB) Faslane, which are part of the HM Naval Base Clyde.

Some 90.5% of Unite’s members based at RNAD Coulport previously voted ‘yes’ in support of strike action, and 95.3% supported action short of a strike, in a 90% ballot turnout in September.

Stevie Deans, Unite regional coordinator, added: “The dispute with the ABL Alliance employers has dragged on far longer than it needed to. This could have been resolved last autumn if there was a willingness by the employers to get this over the line. We hope that this pay deal will set the right tone for this year’s negotiations and the deal is a great example of workers standing up for what they deserve with their union’s support.”

AWE workers are involved mainly in the maintenance side of the weapon system operation, whereas the Lockheed Martin workers are responsible for specialist engineering and quality control. Babcock workers provide the Jetty Services at RNAD Coulport. As part of the contract, around 149 MoD civilian posts were transferred to ABL Alliance under the Transfer of Undertakings Protection of Employment (TUPE) Regulations (2006) to deliver support to the Trident system.

The posts include specialist SWS industrial and technical grades, warehousing operatives, logistic support services, supervisors and managers, as well as 39 additional Royal Navy posts.

The pay dispute is over the alleged failure by the ABL Alliance employers to meet Unite’s 2021 wage claim, despite the union agreeing on several occasions to delay pay talks due to the Covid pandemic.

Unite said it was mutually agreed that the pay award for 2020 would be negotiated retrospectively, and negotiated currently for 2021. After months of negotiations, a £600 backdated pay uplift to August 1, 2020 was offered which was considered acceptable to Unite members.

However in early December Unite said “the multi-million pound profitable employers” then put forward several “unacceptable” offers for 2021.

The union was concerned that all the companies could afford the pay rise as they were profitable. AWE Plc had an after tax profit of £17.7m in the year to December, 2020, Babcock Marine (Clyde) Ltd turned a £7.3m profit in 2019/20, while Lockheed Martin UK Strategic Systems Ltd was £41m in the black in 2019.

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Expert Explains: Indian Navy’s long & illustrious road to an Indigenous Aircraft Carrier

When countries achieve epochal technological breakthroughs of national and international significance, the world takes notice. This year, tentatively in August, on the eve of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav, we will witness such a breakthrough coming to fruition, when the Indian Navy (IN hereafter) commissions its first Indigenous Aircraft Carrier, the IAC-1, or the Vikrant.

With IAC-1 out on its latest phase of sea trials, it is relevant to reconstruct IN’s long journey towards fulfilling its 60-year old aspiration of operating an indigenous Aircraft Carrier, and celebrate the exemplary perseverance of Naval policy-makers and leaders, both past and present, responsible for bringing us to where we are today.

The Vikrant Era

The requirement of an aircraft carrier by the Indian Navy was felt ever since her initial years. The Naval Plans Paper 1/47, conceptualised by Cmde Martin St L Nott, Cdr (later Adm) A K Chatterji and Lt Cdr (later Vice Adm) N Krishnan, was the first document that articulated the strategic requirements and game-changing tactical potential of aircraft carriers.

Based on its recommendations, major platforms such as HMS Achilles (rechristened HMIS Delhi), HMS Avenger (rechristened HMIS Magar), and three ‘R’ Class Destroyers, HMS Rotherdam, Redoubt, and Raider (rechristened HMIS Rajput, Rana, and Ranjit, respectively), were acquired from the UK.

In line with the Plans Paper’s recommendations, and given the state of the Indian economy after independence, acquiring HMS Hercules in 1957 was a financially prudent and operationally necessary move for a young 10-year old India. Thus, on April 30, 1957, approval for the purchase of HMS Hercules was accorded by the Cabinet Defence Committee. April 1957 onwards, she was refitted to Indian specifications by M/s Hartland & Wolf at Belfast, Northern Ireland.

After careful consideration, in 1959, IN also ordered 24 Armstrong Whitworth Sea Hawk FGA Mk 6s, to serve in the fighter-bomber role. The Sea Hawks would go on to form the INAS 300, or the ‘White Tigers’, the IN’s first naval combat squadron. Lt KGN Menon, Sub Lts AG Jog, KASZ Raju, and Santosh Gupta, were the first pilots trained to fly these Sea Hawks, under Lt N Lockett, RN.

INS Vikrant was commissioned on March 4, 1961 with Capt P S Mahindroo as her first CO. Subsequently, on March 21, 1961, the INAS 310, or ‘the Cobras’, the IN’s first ship-borne ASW and Reconnaissance squadron, comprising French Alizes, was commissioned at Hyeres, France. Both the squadrons played a stellar role during the 1971 Indo-Pak War, when Vikrant, under the command of Capt Swaraj Prakash, MVC, wreaked havoc on the Eastern front and covered herself with glory.

India becomes a ‘Two Aircraft Carrier Nation’

In the 1970-80s, the need for a second aircraft carrier was most acutely felt to ensure force-level stability based on the sound reasoning that the carrier will be the pivot of fleet operations with its airborne, anti-submarine warfare capability for air defence, strike role, and most importantly, as an advance mobile task force.

The GoI officially announced to Parliament on April 24, 1986, that an agreement had been signed with the Government of the UK for the acquisition of an aircraft carrier. INS Viraat, ex-HMS Hermes, was commissioned on May 12, 1987, with Captain Vinod Pasricha NM, as her first CO.

The period 1987-97 is significant in Indian maritime/Naval history, because for these 10 years, India was the only developing country to have a multi-carrier force, comprising the INS Vikrant and Viraat, until the former was decommissioned on January 31, 1997.

Viraat’s participation during Op Pawan in 1989, and more importantly, during Op Parakram in 2001, wherein she was instrumental in establishing debilitating Sea Control across the North Arabian Sea, was a potent demonstration of how far IN’s capabilities had evolved in exploiting its carriers. Until her de-commissioning in 2017, Viraat continued to provide Air Defence with her Sea Harriers and anti-submarine protection with her Seaking helicopters.

n 2005, the foundations of what would be called the IAC-1 were established by steel cutting — an act signifying the start of production.

Welcome Vikramaditya!

After the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991, Russia started reducing the size of its Navy due to financial constraints, and offered the Gorshkov to India. The acquisition of Gorshkov formed part of the joint Indo-Russian Protocol on Military Technical Cooperation signed in December 1994.

Ten years later, in January 2004, the two governments signed an Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) concluding a contract for the repair and refurbishment of the Gorshkov. Of the two aircraft on offer, the IN short-listed the Short Take Off But Arrested Recovery (STOBAR) MIG 29 K aircraft for the Gorshkov. This aircraft would take off from ski jump just as the Sea Harrier, but land using the arrester wires, like the Sea Hawk.

INS Vikramaditya was commissioned on November 16, 2013. Over the years, the carrier has taken part in multiple naval exercises, and tremendously added to IN’s blue-water capabilities. January 11, 2020 brought an important milestone. The indigenised developmental Light Combat Aircraft-Navy (LCA-Navy) aircraft flown by Cmde Jaideep Maolankar of the National Flight Test Centre (NFTC), carried out a successful arrested landing on the Vikramaditya. This development further bolstered our aspirations to design and built indigenised aircraft for the carrier.

IAC-1: Our Very Own

While Vikramaditya was commissioned on November 16, 2013, and INS Viraat embarked on her final years, thereafter being decommissioned on March 6, 2017, something epoch-defining had been put in motion in the background, precisely, at the Cochin Shipyard Ltd (CSL).

As far back as in 1979, IN had thought of building a Helicopter Carrier at home. Accordingly, the Directorate of Naval Design (DND) prepared a concept design. Subsequent decisions of a Sea Control Ship (SCS), scaled down to an Air Defence Ship (ADS), due to funding constraints, and finally a full-fledged aircraft carrier with a ski jump was approved by the GoI in late 2002.

Throughout those stages, the DND was meticulously engaged in preparing and adjusting the design of the intended vessel. Finally, a functional design of the approved carrier was created between 2002 and 2004.

In 2005, the foundations of what would be called the IAC-1 were established by steel cutting — an act signifying the start of production. The keel of this ship was laid on February 28, 2009, and the ship was launched on August 12, 2013 by Smt Elizabeth Antony, wife of the Hon Raksha Mantri. The 40,000-tonne IAC-1 is currently undergoing trials.

Reflections: IAC-1

The IAC-1 journey had not been an easy, straight-from-the-design-table story.

Firstly, the concept itself has undergone a number of changes due to a host of reasons such as, but not limited to, funding constraints, geopolitical considerations, and the need for self-reliance. The path traversed in this arduous and seemingly slow journey had not been easy to negotiate, but the advantages gathered in establishing the ecosystem (through lessons learnt and efforts at indigenisation of systems, as well as creation of infrastructure) have been immensely enriching.

Secondly, the enormity of size and complexity of IAC has been a challenge for naval designers. Before this project, the IN and Indian shipyards have had experience in constructing warships displacing up to 7,000-8,000 tonnes. This is the first time the IN and an Indian shipyard have designed and constructed a warship of the order of around 40,000 tonnes displacement. This project has exponentially bolstered institutional knowledge and understanding.

Finally, what makes the IAC-1 a true mascot of ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ is that even by conservative estimates, almost 75% of the equipment fit on board has been sourced indigenously. The ship has also been designed with a very high degree of automation for machinery operation. All these facts speak of the long way the IN has come to achieve its ambition to becoming a Builder’s Navy.

To sum up

An aircraft carrier holds a position of strategic and technological eminence amongst ships, and is rightly considered the pinnacle in the domain of warship design and construction. For India, the development of an indigenous aircraft carrier has also been a 60-year-old national aspiration. It is the many years spent in designing ships that gave our naval architects and designers the confidence to embark upon this prestigious project.

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The IN’s 60-year-old ‘tryst with destiny’ will come full circle with the commissioning of its own, indigenous aircraft carrier, the INS Vikrant.

Given that India’s economic progress and security are deeply interlinked to the security of the Indian Ocean region, which is vital for Security and Growth for All in the Region, the INS Vikrant, and the method of its coming into being will add enormous strength and credibility to IN’s Blue-Water capability.

These are personal views of the author and do not represent the official position of the Indian Navy or the Government of India.

Cdr Ankush Banerjee was commissioned on January 1, 2008. He served on board INS Jalashwa and Jamuna, before being posted as an instructor to CELABS, and thereafter at Indian Naval Academy. He is currently serving as Officer-in-Charge, Naval History Division. 

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